top of page
dry eye

Understanding Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Treatment Options

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is a common but often overlooked condition that affects the quality of your tears and can lead to dry eye syndrome.

What is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)?
Meibomian glands are tiny oil glands located along the edge of your eyelids. These glands secrete oils that help keep your eyes moist by preventing the tear film from evaporating too quickly. When these glands become blocked or their function is impaired, it leads to Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). This can cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms and can significantly affect your eye health.


Symptoms of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
MGD can present a range of symptoms, including:

- Dry, gritty, or scratchy eyes
- Redness and inflammation of the eyelids
- Frequent blinking or the sensation of something in the eye
- Blurred vision that improves with blinking
- Crusty eyelashes or eyelids
- Increased eye irritation in windy or dry environments


If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to consult with an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Causes and Risk Factors
Several factors can contribute to the development of MGD, including:

- Age: The risk of MGD increases with age.
- Hormonal changes: Particularly those associated with menopause.
- Contact lens use: Long-term use of contact lenses can affect the function of Meibomian glands.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to pollution, smoke, and dry climates.
- Eyelid conditions: Conditions like blepharitis can lead to or exacerbate MGD.
- Certain medications: Some medications can affect oil production and secretion.

Current Treatment Options for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Managing MGD effectively often requires a combination of treatments aimed at improving the function of the Meibomian glands and alleviating symptoms. Here are some of the most effective current treatment options:


1. Warm Compresses:
Applying a warm compress to the eyes can help to melt the oils that are blocking the Meibomian glands, allowing them to flow more freely. This is a simple and effective home treatment that can provide significant relief.

2. Lid Hygiene
Maintaining good eyelid hygiene is crucial. This involves regularly cleaning the eyelid margins with specially formulated lid scrubs or gentle, non-irritating cleansers to remove any debris or crusts that could block the glands.

3. Omega-3 Supplements
Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil and flaxseed oil, have been shown to improve the quality of the oil produced by the Meibomian glands. Taking these supplements can help manage MGD symptoms.

4. Prescription Medications
In some cases, doctors may prescribe medications such as antibiotics (doxycycline or azithromycin) to reduce inflammation and improve gland function. Topical corticosteroids or cyclosporine (Restasis) can also be used to reduce inflammation and promote gland health.

5. In Office Treatments

In office treatments include lid debridement to clean off bacterial biofilms which can lead to inflammation causing Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.  Paired with in office therapeutic thermal lid treatments, physical blockages can be removed improving resolution of the causes for MGD. 

6. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy

IPL therapy is another in-office treatment that uses light pulses to reduce inflammation and improve Meibomian gland function. It can be particularly effective for patients with moderate to severe MGD.

7. Manual Expression of Meibomian Glands
During an eye exam, an eye care professional may manually express the Meibomian glands to help clear blockages and improve oil flow. This procedure can be combined with other treatments for better results.


Meibomian Gland Dysfunction is a manageable condition with the right treatment and care. If you're experiencing symptoms of MGD, consult with your eye care professional to develop a personalized treatment plan. Maintaining good eye hygiene and following your treatment plan can significantly improve your comfort and eye health.


Contact Us:
For more information or to schedule an appointment, please contact our office at Hillside Optometry in Granada Hills. We are here to help you maintain optimal eye health!

bottom of page