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Tips for Maintaining Good Eye Health: Nutrition and Lifestyle Habits


Your eyes are a critical part of your overall health, and maintaining good eye health is essential for a vibrant and active life. There are several ways you can take care of your eyes through proper nutrition and healthy lifestyle habits. Here are some expert tips to help you keep your eyes in top condition.

1. Eat a Balanced Diet

A diet rich in certain nutrients can significantly benefit your eye health. Here’s what you should include in your diet:

Key Nutrients for Eye Health

  • Vitamin A: Essential for good vision, especially in low light. Foods high in vitamin A include carrots, sweet potatoes, and leafy green vegetables.

  • Vitamin C: Helps prevent cataracts and supports the health of the blood vessels in your eyes. Citrus fruits, strawberries, and bell peppers are excellent sources.

  • Vitamin E: Protects your eyes from damage caused by free radicals. Nuts, seeds, and spinach are rich in vitamin E.

  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: These healthy fats, found in fish like salmon and tuna, can help prevent dry eyes and reduce the risk of macular degeneration.

  • Zinc: Helps maintain the health of the retina and may protect against the effects of light-induced damage. Zinc is found in beef, poultry, beans, and nuts.

  • Lutein and Zeaxanthin: Antioxidants that reduce the risk of chronic eye diseases. They are found in green leafy vegetables, eggs, and corn.


Dietary Tips

  • Eat a Rainbow: Include a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables in your diet to ensure you get a broad spectrum of nutrients.

  • Include Fish: Aim to eat fish high in omega-3 fatty acids at least twice a week.

  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to keep your eyes hydrated and reduce the risk of dry eye syndrome.

2. Practice Good Eye Hygiene

Keeping your eyes clean and protected can prevent infections and other eye problems.

Tips for Good Eye Hygiene

  • Wash Your Hands: Always wash your hands before touching your eyes, especially if you wear contact lenses.

  • Remove Makeup: Remove eye makeup thoroughly before going to bed to avoid irritation and infections.

  • Avoid Rubbing Your Eyes: Rubbing your eyes can introduce germs and cause damage to the delicate tissues.

3. Protect Your Eyes from the Sun

Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can harm your eyes and increase the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration.

Sun Protection Tips

  • Wear Sunglasses: Choose sunglasses that block 100% of UVA and UVB rays.

  • Use a Hat: Wear a wide-brimmed hat to shield your eyes from direct sunlight.

4. Take Breaks from Screens

Prolonged screen time can cause digital eye strain, also known as computer vision syndrome.

Tips to Reduce Digital Eye Strain

  • Follow the 20-20-20 Rule: Every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away.

  • Adjust Your Screen: Ensure your screen is at eye level and about an arm’s length away from your eyes.

  • Blink Regularly: Blinking helps to keep your eyes moist and reduces dryness.

5. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

Overall health greatly impacts your eye health. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can prevent many eye problems.

Lifestyle Tips for Eye Health

  • Exercise Regularly: Physical activity improves blood circulation, which can benefit your eyes by increasing oxygen levels and removing toxins.

  • Don’t Smoke: Smoking increases the risk of developing age-related eye diseases like macular degeneration and cataracts.

  • Get Enough Sleep: Adequate sleep is essential for eye health. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night to keep your eyes rested and rejuvenated.

6. Schedule Regular Eye Exams

Regular eye exams are vital for maintaining eye health and catching problems early.

Eye Exam Tips

  • Frequency: Adults should have an eye exam every 1-2 years, and children should have regular check-ups as recommended by their eye care provider.

  • Comprehensive Exams: Ensure your exam includes tests for glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration.



Maintaining good eye health requires a combination of proper nutrition, good hygiene practices, protection from UV rays, managing screen time, leading a healthy lifestyle, and regular eye exams. By incorporating these tips into your daily routine, you can protect your vision and enjoy healthy eyes for years to come.


For more information on eye health and to schedule an eye exam at Hillside Optometry in Granada Hills, call us at 818-474-2020, 

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